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Sunday, May 10, 2020 | History

2 edition of method for estimating heroin use prevalence found in the catalog.

method for estimating heroin use prevalence

Philip H Person

method for estimating heroin use prevalence

by Philip H Person

  • 183 Want to read
  • 12 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Division of Resource Development, Forecasting Branch, for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Rockville, Md, Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Heroin,
  • Drug addiction -- United States

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 11

    Statementby Philip H. Person, Jr., Robert L. Retka, J. Arthur Woodward
    SeriesDHEW publication ; no. (ADM) 77-439, Technical paper - National Institute on Drug Abuse, DHEW publication -- no. (ADM) 77-439, Technical paper (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
    ContributionsRetka, Robert L., joint author, Woodward, J. Arthur, joint author, National Institute on Drug Abuse. Forecasting Branch
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, 14 p. :
    Number of Pages14
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14910518M

    Fieldwork interviews and clinical records indicated that the use of heroin by smoking or sniffing has grown more rapidly than use by injection, and mortality rates are likely to be lower for smokers or sniffers than for injectors; thus, this method may have underestimated the :// However, we believe that they are the answer to the problem of estimating the prevalence of rare problem drug using behaviors such as the use of heroin, drug injecting, or crack-cocaine use as population surveys are inefficient and not cost ://

      No adequate data exist on patterns of injection drug use (IDU) prevalence over time within racial/ethnic groups in U.S. geographic areas. The absence of such prevalence data limits our understanding of the causes and consequences of IDU and hampers planning efforts for IDU-related interventions. Here, we (1) describe a method of estimating IDU prevalence among non-Hispanic   It is usually preferable to model and estimate prevalence ratios instead of odds ratios in cross-sectional studies when diseases or injuries are not rare. Problems with existing methods of modeling prevalence ratios include lack of convergence, overestimated standard errors, and extrapolation of simple univariate formulas to multivariable models. We compare two of the newer methods using

      Problematic heroin use incidence trends in Spain atic heroin use prevalence probably happened during –92 and appears to have been decreasing since [3]. puted through the Delta method, a standard procedure for estimating variances of parametric functions [15] The harm reduction policy of Switzerland and its emphasis on the medicalisation of the heroin problem seems to have contributed to the image of heroin as unattractive for young people. Our model could enable the study of incidence trends across different countries and thus urgently needed assessments of the effect of different drug ://(06)/fulltext.


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Method for estimating heroin use prevalence by Philip H Person Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. A method for estimating heroin use prevalence. [Philip Hilmar Person; Robert L Retka; J Arthur Woodward; National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Forecasting Branch.] Estimating the prevalence of problematic drug use: A review of methods and their application Article (PDF Available) in Bulletin on narcotics 54() February with Reads Estimating problem drug use prevalence at national level: Comparison of three methods Article (PDF Available) in Drugs Education Prevention & Policy 13(2) April with 68 Reads Regional incidence trends in regular heroin use are important for assessing the effectiveness of drug policies and for forecasting potential future epidemics.

To estimate incidence trends we applied both the more traditional Reporting Delay Adjustment (RDA) method as well as the new and less data demanding General Inclusion Function (GIF) :// "Illicit drug use disorder is defined as meeting DSM-IV criteria for either dependence or abuse for one or more of the following illicit drugs: marijuana, cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, methamphetamine, or prescription psychotherapeutic drugs that were misused (i.e., pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives).

There are seven possible dependence criteria for specific   The aim of this component of the DPMP was to develop plausible estimates of the prevalence of heroin use in Melbourne with a view to informing various elements of DPMP projects.

The work was also designed to provide a method for estimating the extent of injecting drug use more widely (specifically through application to amphetamines).

Policy makers and the use of prevalence data Philip Lazarov 35 Part II: Case-finding Methods INTRODUCTION Matthew Hickman 43 CHAPTER 4 Estimating prevalence using the case-finding method: an overview Roland Simon 45 CHAPTER 5 A case-finding study to estimate the prevalence of heroin users in Navarra, Spain Conchi Moreno Iribas and Mikel Urtiaga   Received for publication J ; accepted for publication Ap The lack of evidence on trends in the prevalence and incidence of opiate use/injecting drug use (IDU) and IDU behaviors in the population is an ongoing problem that hinders effective drug policy and public health action ().Opiate use/IDU poses significant public health :// Estimating the Prevalence of Problem Drug Use in Scotland, Estimates, (PDF) The number of individuals with problem drug use in Scotland was estimated to be in the ra to 58, during / This represents an estimated prevalence rate of approximately % | ISD Scotland, UK   velopment of a method for estimating heroin use prevalence through Prevalence of Active Heroin Use in the United States meeting on the epidemiology of heroin and other narcotics.

The charge to the task force members was to examine the state of the art of measure-   Abstract. In this paper, the authors propose a method for estimating the incidence of heroin use by adjusting reported numbers of heroin users visiting drug treatment agencies for the time lag between onset of heroin use and first treatment request (lag distribution).

Hickman, S. Seaman, D. de AngelisEstimating the relative incidence of heroin use: Application of a method for adjusting observed reports of first visits to specialized drug treatment agencies American Journal of Epidemiology, (), pp. use of epidemiological methods for estimating the prevalence of drug use at the local level.

We begin by briefly discussing the use of surveys in estimating the prevalence of drug misuse. We then detail the literature on other direct methods of prevalence estimation, such as review of the literature. Estimating prevalence of problem drug use at national multivariate indicator method, multi-plier method, prevalence estimation, problem drug use.

particularly heroin use, is centred on A test of the construct validity of these procedures for estimating the prevalence of heroin abuse was carried out in the context of structural equation models where the results of the two methods Several methods for estimating drug use incidence, that have been used in the literature or that could be used, having been used in a different framework, are described and :// Estimating prevalence of problem drug use: use of multiplier methods as a sole method for estimating the prevalence of problem drug use.

such as injecting or heroin and crack-cocaine use1   We have recently reported estimates of incidence and prevalence trends in regular heroin use in Zurich, Switzerland [5]. ese estimates were produced using the Reporting Delay Adjustment (RDA) method and were based on data from a long-term case register that covered all methadone treatments for more than a decade.

e RDA method led to prevalence Request PDF | Estimating the Prevalence of Drug Use Using Mark-Recapture Methods | Sparked by the need to inform the response to the spread of HIV/AIDS in drug-injecting populations in the s The prevalence of problematic use of cocaine plus heroin was stable throughout the study.

Thus, trends in the prevalence of problematic cocaine use differed depending on concomitant heroin ://. Estimating the prevalence of heroin use in a community. Washington, Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention, [i.e.

] (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Mark H Greene; United States. Special Action Office for Drug Abuse ://especially that of heroin and other opiate use is difficult to obtain.

Evidence from national surveys and other sources indicate that the prevalence of heroin use in the general population is relatively low. However, most of the widespread drug-related health and social problems in EU countries are caused by the use of heroin and other opiates Revision.information on the prevalence of certain kinds of drug misuse e.g.

cannabis, ecstasy and hallucinogens, they are less well suited to estimating prevalence at the more problematic end of the spectrum, particularly at the local level.

The use of ‘heavier’ drugs such as heroin is a